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爆炸冲击荷载下玻璃幕墙建筑抗爆研究

编辑: 安邦安防来源: http://zhqrwqcgk.com时间: 2017-09-19 15:22:51浏览次数:1574
爆炸冲击荷载下玻璃幕墙建筑抗爆研究

BOLIMUQIANGZUOWEIJIANZHUDEWAIWEIHUGOUJIAN,ZUIXIANSHOUDAOBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIDEZUOYONG,YINERQIKANGBAOXINGNENGJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHENGGEJIANZHUWUDEANQUANXING。YANJIUBIAOMING,BAOZHACHONGJIBOZUOYONGDAOJIANZHUBOLISHANG,75%DERENYUANSHANGWANGYOUSHIGAOSUFEIXINGDEBOLISUIPIANSUOZHIJIEZAOCHENGDE,ERCHONGJIBOTOUGUOBOLILIEFENGJINRUSHINEIYOUHUIJIANJIEZAOCHENGRENYUANSHANGWANG。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,KANGBAOBOLIYANJIUCHENGWEIRENMENGUANZHUDEREDIAN。KANGBAOBOLIDUOXUANYONGJIACENGBOLI、ZHONGKONGBOLIHUOZHEJIZHONGJIBENXINGSHIHECHENGDEFUHEBOLI,ZAICAILIAOFANGMIANDUOCAIYONGGANGHUABOLIHUOZHEQITAXINXINGCAILIAOBOLIDENG。TONGGUOCHAYUEGUONEIWAIXIANGGUANWENXIAN,FAXIANGUANYUKANGBAOBOLIZAIJINGHEZAI、FENGHEZAI(CITIAO“FENGHEZAI”YOUXINGYEDABAIKETIGONG)JIDIZHENHEZAIDEXIANGGUANYANJIUYIQUYUCHENGSHU,DANQIZAICHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEYANJIUZAIHENDUOFANGMIANHAIYOUDAIWANSHAN。WENZHONGDUIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEBOLIMUQIANGJIANZHUDEKANGBAOYANJIUXIANZHUANGZUOLEYIGEJIAOQUANMIANDEZONGSHU。

1.玻璃幕墙抗爆研究与分析方法

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MUQIAN,BOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOYANJIUYUFENXIFANGFAZHUYAOYOUYIXIASANLI,:JIEXIFANGFA、SHIYANFANGFAHESHUZHIMONIFENXIFA。

1.1JIEXIFANGFA

TONGCHANGSHICAIYONGJIBENDEYINGLIBOLILUN、CAILIAOLIXUE、GUXIULIXUE、DANSUXINGLIXUEHENENGLIANGYUANLIDENGJIBENLIXUEYUANLIDUIJIEGOUJINXINGFENXI。MUQIAN,GUONEIHAIMEIYOUXIANGGUANJISHUHEGUIFANJIESHAOBOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOJISUANFANGFA,DANYOUSHIYOUXUYAODINGLIANGDEJISUANLAIYANZHENGSHEJIDEZHENGQUEYUFOU。WEICI,CHANGCAIYONGJIANHUADEFENXIFANGFAYICIDEDAOBIJIAOHELIDEFENXIJIEGUO,QIJIANHUARUXIA:①GENJUBAOZHALIDETEZHENG,MUQIANGDEZHICHENGJIEGOUKEYIKAOLVANZHAODANSUXINGLIXUEJINXINGFENXI;②KUANGJIAGOUJIANHESHUQUAN、HENGMEIDENGPEIJIANDESHOULICAIYONGJINGHEZAIDEFANGFAJINXINGJIANHUA;③KEYIKAOLVYONGZHIXIANLAIDAITICHONGJIBOSUISHIJIANDEBIANHUAGUOCHENG,RUTU1SUOSHI。(QIZHONGPQWEIBIAOZHUNDAQIYAAP+WEICHONGJIBOCHAOYA;t+WEICHONGJIBOZHENGYAZUOYONGSHIJIAN)。

JIYUSHANGSHUJIANHUAJISUANZHUNZE,JIYOUHENDUOYANJIUXUEZHEJIANGBOLIMUQIANGJIANHUACHENGDENGXIAODANZIYOUDUMOXING。KrauthamruerHEAltenbergCENGCAIYONGDANZIYOUDUMOXINGDUIBAOZHACHONGJIBOFUYAZAIBOLIMIANBANSHANGDEZUOYONGXIAOYINGJINXINGLEFENXI。CHUCIZHIWAI,HAIYOUYANJIURENYUANCAIYONGBANQIAODONGLILILUNDUIQIXINGNENGJINXINGYANJIU。GAOXUANNENGDENGCAIYONGDANXINGBOBANZHENDONGLILUNYANJIULEKUANGZHICHENGBOLIZAIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIXIADEDONGLIXIANGYINGJIFANGBAOJULI。SUIRANJIEXIFANGFAYIJIAOWEIJIANJIEDEXINGSHIJICHUYOUGUANWULILIANGZHIJIANDEGUANXI,DANSHIYOUYUBAOZHAKONGQICHONGJIBOHEZAI、CAILIAOBENGOUGUANXIHEBIANJIETIAOJIANDEFUZAXING,ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONGHUISHOUDAOHENDADEXIANZHI,ZHINENGYUNYONGDAOJISHAOSHUJIANDANWENTIZHONG。

1.2SHIYANFANGFA

TONGGUOKAIZHANZUCHICUNDECHONGJIBOSHIYAN,KEYIGUANCHADAOBOLIMUQIANGZAIZHENMAIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIXIADEFANYING。JIYUSHIYANSHUJUDEZONGHEFENXI,KEYIDEDAOQIZHENSHIDEKANGBAOXINGNENG。CHANGYONGDEBOLIBAOZHACHONGJIBOSHIYANFANGFAYIBANYOULIANGZHONG:①JULISHIYAN,SHIYANZUJIANDUIJIZHITEXINGZHAYAODECHONGJICHENGSHOUNENGLI;②JIZHENGUANSHIYAN,ZAITEYIJIANZAODEXIAOSHINEISHUNJIANSHIFANGGAOYAQILIUCHANSHENGCHONGJIBO。SHIJIGONGCHENGZHONGCHANGXUANYONGJULISHIYANFANGFA,GAIFANGFAJIANBIAN,BINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGMANZULEGONGCHENGXUYAO。CHENJUNDENGCAIYONGJULISHIYANFANGFADUIBOLIMUQIANGJINXINGLECHONGJIBOSHIYAN,BINGJUTIJIESHAOLEJULISHIYANDESHISHIFANGFA。SUIRANSHIYANYANJIUZHENSHIZAIXIANLEGOUJIANZAIZHENSHIHEZAIXIADEXINGNENG,DANSHISUIZHEDUICHONGJIWENTIDESHENRUYANJIU,GAIFANGFAJIWUFADADAOJISUANJINGDUDEYAOQIU。

彩经网1 .3SHUZHIMONIFENXIFA

SHUZHIMONIFENXIFABIMIANLESHIYANFANGFADEWEIXIANXINGHEANGGUIXING,QILINGHUOXINGHEKEZHONGFUXINGJIAKUAILESHEJIZHOUQI,JIANGDILESHEJICHENGBEN。ZAIKANGBAOJIEGOUDONGLIFENXIZHONG,CHANGYONGDEKANGBAOFENXIRUANJIANYOUYIXIAZHONG:ABAQUS. LSYIDYNAIDYNA3DHEAUTODYNADENG。MUQIAN,CHUANTONGSHUZHIMONIFENXICUNZAIYIXIALIANGGEWENTI:①MEIYOUKAOLVBAOZHAHEZAIHEMUQIANGJIEGOUDELIUGUHUOHEJISUAN;②DUIBOLIYUZHOUWEIBUJIANLIANJIEZUOYONGJINXINGLEZHUDUOJIANHUA,FENXIMOXINGDUOJINXIANYUBOLIMIANBAN。ZHEISHIDEMONIJIEGUONANYIZHENSHIFANYINGFUZAMUQIANGXITONGZHONGBOLIDEBAOZHAXIANGYINGQINGKUANG。ZHENDUISHANGSHUWENTI,DENGRONGBINGDENGLIYONGFAHANSHU,YONGALEYOUXIANYUANFAJINXINGLEBAOZHAHEZAIYUMUQIANGJIEGOUHUOHEZUOYONGDESANWEIDONGTAIFANGZHEN。SUIZHEJISUANJIJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHANYIJIJISUANFANGFADEZHUBUGAIJIN,SHUZHIMONIFENXIFAZAIJIEJUEBAOZHAWENTIZHONGZHENGFAHUIZHERIYIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

2 爆炸冲击荷载下玻璃幕墙的性能研究

GUOWAIDUIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIXIABOLIMUQIANGXINGNENGDEYANJIUDADUOJIZHONGYUKANGBAOBOLIDEPOHUAIQIANGDU、BOLICHICUN、DONGLIXIANGYING、HEZAIZUOYONGSHIJIAN、BOLIBANDEZHICHENGBIANJIETIAOJIANJIDONGLIXIANGYINGDENGFANGMIAN,ERGUONEIZAIZHEIFANGMIANDEYANJIUHAICHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN。

2.1BOLIQIANGDU

BOLIZAICHANGWENXIASHIYIZHONGDIANXINGDECUIXINGCAILIAO,YIZHIDAOPOHUAIWEIZHI,QIYINGLIYINGBIANCHENGXIANXINGGUANXI。BOLIBIAOMIANCUNZAIZHEWUSHUWEILIEWEN,ZAILAYINGLIZUOYONGXIA,DANGWEILIEWENJIANDUANCHUDEYINGLICHAOGUOLINJIEYINGLISHI,LIEWENXUNSUFENLIE,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIBOLIDUANLIE。BOLIDELILUNQIANGDUYUEWEI1x1010YI1. 5x 1Q'0 PaJIA2ERSHIJIDEQIANGDUYAOBILILUNQIANGDUDIDEDUO,YULILUNQIANGDUXIANGCHA2YI3GESHULIANGJI。ZHEISHIYOUYUBOLIDECUIXINGHEQIBIAOMIANCUNZAIWEILIEWEN、NEIBUCUNZAIBUJUNYUNQUYUHEQUEXIANSUOYINQIDEDEYINGLIJIZHONGZAOCHENGDE。BOLIDEGAOQIANGDUYIWEIZHEANQUANXING,WEILETIGAOQISHIJIQIANGDU,KECAIYONG:TUIHUO、GANGHUA(CUIHUO)、BIAOMIANCHULIYUTUCENG、WEIJINGHUA、YUQITACAILIAOZHICHENGFUHECAILIAODENGFANGFA。

2.2BOLICHICUN

XIAOCHICUNBOLIDEQIANGDUYIBANYAOGAOYUDACHICUNBOLIQIANGDU,ZHUYAOSHIYINWEIBOLICHICUNYUEXIAOQIBIAOMIANHENEIBUCUNZAIQUEXIANDEJILVYUEDI,DIKANGHEZAIHECHONGJIBODENENGLIYUEQIANG。GUZAISHIJIYUNYONGZHONGYINGYANGEKONGZHIBOLIMIANBANDECHICUN,BUYISHIQIGUODA。YANWEIHENGDENGCAIYONGYOUXIANYUANFENXIFANGFA,BIJIAOLEBUTONGCHICUNDEBOLIMUQIANGZAIBAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEFANYING。

2.3HEZAIZUOYONGSHIJIAN

彩经网BOLIZAIZHANGQIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,BOLILIEWENHUIFASHENGKUOZHAN,ZHIJIEDAOZHICHENGZAINENGLIDEJIANGDI;BOLIZAIDONGLIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,BOLICHANSHENGDEZUIDAWEIYISUIZHEZUOYONGSHIJIANDEZENGJIAERZENGJIA,DANGWUFAMANZUNAODUYAOQIUSHI,BOLIFASHENGPOHUAI。GAOXUANNENGDENGCAIYONGYOUXIANYUANFENXIFADUIJIACENGBOLIZAIDUANQI、YISHIQIJINGLIHEBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEBIANXINGJINXINGLEMONIFENXI,BINGZAIZHAOXIANYANJIUJICHUSHANGDUIJIACENGBOLIDEDENGXIAOHOUDUJISUANGONGSHIJINXINGLEBUCHONG。

2.4ZHICHENGBIANJIETIAOJIAN

ZAIBOLIMUQIANGKANGBAOSHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUANYONGBUTONGDEBIANJIETIAOJIANDUIJIEGUOYOUHENDADEYINGXIANG。YINGGENJUBOLIDEZHENSHISHOULIQINGKUANG,HELIXUANZEBOLIMIANBANDEBIANJIETIAOJIAN。weggelHEZapataTONGGUOLIANGZHONGBUTONGBIANJIEZHICHENGTIAOJIANDEJUXINGBOLIBANZAIDISUBAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEYANJIU,DECHUZHOUWEIJUYOUXIANGJIAODIANQUANDANXINGKUANGZHICHENGDEBOLIMIANBANQIZUIDALAYINGLIJIAOPUTONGJIANYIZHICHENGDEBOLIMIANBANKEYIZHEJIAN42%YI71%。

2.5DONGLIXIANGYING

彩经网JIANZHUBOLIZAIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEDONGLIXIANGYINGWENTISHUYUDIANXINGDEDONGLIXUEWENTI,DONGLIXUEWENTIYUJINGLIXUEWENTIZHUYAOCUNZAILIANGGEBUTONGDIAN:①DONGLIXUEWENTIYAOKAOLVSHIJIANBIANHUAYINSU;②ZAIDONGLIFENXIDEGUOCHENGZHONGYAOKAOLVGUANXINGLIXIAOYING。DANGZAIGAOYINGBIANLVDEDONGLIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,HAIYAOKAOLVYINGBIANLVXIAOYING。MEIGUOArmy Corps of EngineersCAIYONGDANZIYOUDUFADEDAOLEDANSHENGXIANGYINGPUQUXIANHEDANSUXINGXIANGYINGPUQUXIAN,TONGGUOCHATUNENGGOUKUAISUDIDEDAOJIANZHUBOLIZAICHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEZUIDADONGWEIYI。

3.抵抗炸弹冲击波建筑幕墙的设计

JIANZHUBOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOZHASHEJIZHUYAOSHIFANGFANYUANJULIZHADAN(YAO)CHANSHENGDEKONGQICHONGJIBODUIJIANZHUWUDEPOHUAI。JIANZHUBOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOSHEJIZHIZAIZUIDAXIANDUDEJIANSHAOBAOZHACHONGJIBOCHAOGAOHEZAIHEGAOSUFEIJIANDEBOLISUIPIANSUOZAOCHENGDEZHIJIESHANGHAI,BINGJIANSHAOSHOUGONGJISHESHIHUOBAOZHAZHONGXINZHOUWEISHESHIDEXIUFUFEIYONG。ZAIJUTISHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGDADAOYIXIALIANGGEYAOQIU:①BOLIYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDULAICHENGSHOUJIAODADANGLIANGDEBAOZHAXIJI;②SHOUDAOBAOZHACHONGJIZUOYONGHOU,BOLINENGGOUJIAOWANHAODIBAOCHIZAIKUANGJIANEI。

彩经网MUQIAN,MEIGUOYOULIANGGEBOLIKANGBAOSHEJIBIAOZHUN:UFC 4YI010YIOIBIAOZHUN10HEASTM F2248YI03BIAOZHUN。UFCBIAOZHUNSHIYIGEJIANHUADESHEJIFANGFA,ASTM FBIUFCNENGGOUSHIYINGGENGDADEBAOZHAWEIZHU·DEKANGBAOSHEJI。ZAIWOGUO,HAIMEIYOUZHENGSHIDEKANGBAOSHEJIGUIFANHEZHUNZE,DANZAIYIXIEZHONGYAODEGONGCHENGXIANGMUZHONGDOUYOUKAOLVDAOZHEIFANGMIANDEWENTI。CHANGGUIDEBOLIMUQIANGKANGBAOZHASHEJIWANGWANGNANYIMANZUSHIJIYAOQIU,ZHEISHIYOUYU:①BAOZHAHEZAIDELIANGJI、WEIZHI、GAILVJUYOUBUQUEDINGXING;②BAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGSHIJIANDUANZAN,ZHENGGEGUOCHENGYIHAOMIAOJISUAN;③BAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGDA,QIQIANGDUTONGCHANGYUANYUANDAYUQITAZAIHAI(FENG、DIZHENDENG)。BAOZHACHONGJIBOHEZAIDESHANGSHUTEDIANSHIDEZHENGGEDONGLIGUOCHENGBIANDEFEICHANGFUZA。

YINER,CHANGCONGGAINIANXINGSHEJIFANGMIANLAIJINXING:

(1)BOLIMIANBANYICAIYONGGAOQIANGBOLIHEKANGBAOBOLIYIZENGQIANGDUICHONGJIBODEDIKANGNENGLIBINGJIANXIAOBOLISUIPIANDUISHINEIRENYUANDESHANGHAI。

(2)CAIYONGROUXINGJIAOHAODEFUHEJIEGOUTIXI。BOLIMUQIANGJIEGOUZAIBIANXINGGUOCHENGZHONGHUIXISHOUBUFENBAOZHACHANSHENGDENENGLIANG,ZHEISHIQIDUIJIEGOUDEPOHUAIDADAJIANGDI。FUHEJIEGOUTIXIJIAODANYIDEBOLICAILIAOHEJIEGOUYOUGENGHAODEHAONENGXIAOGUO。

(3)HELIXUANYONGBOLIMIANBANCHICUN,CAIYONGFANGBAOXINGNENGLIANGHAODEBOLIKUANGJIA。MIANBANCHICUNGUOXIAOHUISHIGONGQIYANZHANGBINGYINGXIANGJIANZHUWUDEWAIXING;ERCHICUNGUODAZEHUIYOUYUBOLIZISHENDEQUEXIANERJIANXIAOBOLIDIKANGCHONGJIHEZAIDENENGLI,BINGZENGJIALEPOHUAIHOUDEWEIXIUFEIYONG。FANGBAOXINGHAODEBOLIKUANGJIANENGZAIBAOZHAFASHENGSHIDUIBOLIYOUCHONGFENDEYUESHU,ZENGQIANGLEZHENGGEXITONGDEFANGBAOXINGNENG。

(4)设置防爆墙彩经网,防爆墙能阻挡冲击波作用并且在变形过程中能吸收爆炸产生的能量。在设计允许的情况下,应尽量将防爆墙设在远离目标构筑的地方,即拥有足够远的安全距离。一般来说,安全距离每增加一倍,爆炸荷载冲击减少为3-8成。

彩经网(5)GAISHANZHOUWEIHUANJINGSHEZHI,LIRU:YINGJINLIANGJIANSHAOZHOUWEILAJITONGDESHULIANG,LAJITONGJINGCHANGSHIZHAYAODETOUZHIDIANZHIYI;CAIYONGSUXINGJIAOHAODEDIMIAN,TONGGUODIMIANDEBIANXINGCHENGKENGDADAOHAONENGXIAOGUOTONGYANGNENGJIANGDICHONGJIBODUIBOLIMUQIANGDEPOHUAI。

4.结语

MUQIANWEIZHI,ZAIWOGUOJINGNEISHANGMIFASHENGZHENDUIBOLIJIANZHUDEKONGBUBAOZHAXIJISHIJIAN,DANHAISHIYINGGAITIGAOFANGFANYISHI,ZUOHAOFANGFANCUOSHI,FANGZHIDALIANGDERENYUANSHANGWANGHECAICHANSUNSHI。WENZHONGJIESHAOLEBOLIMUQIANGKANGBAOYANJIUYUFENXIDESANZHONGFANGFABINGJIANYAOGAIKUOLEGUONEIWAIMUQIANZHENDUIQIZAIBAOZHAHEZAIXIADEXINGNENGYANJIU,ZUIHOUJIESHAOLEYIXIEQIESHIKEXINGDESHEJIFANGFA。

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