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化工安全防火与环境保护总结

编辑: 安邦安防来源: http://zhqrwqcgk.com时间: 2017-11-19 15:19:50浏览次数:2047
化工安全防火与环境保护总结

彩经网HUAXUEGONGYE,YOUYUSHENGCHANSHANGDETEDIAN,HUOZAI、BAOZHADEWEIXIANXINGYIJIHUANJINGWURANDEWENTISHENYUQITAQIYE,YIDANFASHENG,JIYIZAOCHENGRENYUANDEZHONGDASHANGWANGHECAICHANSUNSHI。YINCI,HUAGONGSHEJIZHONGDEANQUANFANGHUOHEHUANJINGBAOHUSHIBIXUGAODUZHONGSHIDE。 

1. HUOZAIHEBAOZHADEXINGCHENG,YUKERANWUDERANDIAN、ZIRANDIANHESHANDIANMIQIEYOUGUAN。RANDIAN:RANDIANSHIKERANWUZHISHOUREFASHENGZIRANDEZUIDIWENDU。ZIRANDIAN:WUZHIDEZIRANDIANYUEDI,FASHENGQIHUODEWEIXIANXINGYUEDA,YIBANYALIYUGAO,ZIRANDIANYUDI。SHANDIAN:SHANDIANSHIYIRANYUKERANYETIHUIFACHUDEZHENGQIYUKONGQIXINGCHENGHUNHEWUHOU,YUHUOYUANFASHENGNEIRANDEZUIDIWENDU。 

HUOZAIFASHENGBIXUJUBEIDESANGETIAOJIAN: 

⑴ YOUKERANWUZHICUNZAI

⑵YOUZHURANWUZHICUNZAI,TONGCHANGDEZHURANWUZHIYOUKONGQI、LV、YANGDENG

⑶YOUDAOZHIRANSHAODENENGYUAN,JIDIANHUOYUAN,RUZHUANGJI、MOCA、MINGHUO、GAOWENBIAOMIAN、FAREZIRAN、JUEREYASUO、DIANHUOHUA、GUANGHESHEXIANDENG。 

2. 化工生产的防火防爆 

彩经网⑴ FASHENGHUOZAIYUBAOZHADEZHUYAOYUANYIN,FASHENGHUOZAIYUBAOZHADEYUANYINHENFUZA,YIBANKEGUINAWEIYIXIAJIDIAN。 

彩经网a.WAIJIEDEYUANYIN,RUMINGHUO、DIANHUOHUA、JINGDIANFANGDIAN、LEIJIDENG 

b.WUZHIDEHUAXUEXINGZHI,RUKERANWUZHIWENDUDADAOZIRANDIAN,WEIXIANWUPINDEXIANGHUZUOYONG,WULIAOYUREHUOSHOUGUANGZHAO 

彩经网c.SHENGCHANGUOCHENGHESHEBEIZAISHEJISHANGHUOGUANLISHANGDEYUANYIN,RUSHEJICUOWU,BUFUHEFANGHUOHUOFANGBAOYAOQIU;SHEBEIQUESHAOSHIDANGDEANQUANFANGHUZHUANGZHI,MIBIBULIANGYINQIKERANQITIHUOKERANYETIDALIANGWAILOU;CAOZUOSHIWEIFANANQUANJISHUGUICHENG;SHENGCHANYONGSHEBEIYIJITONGFENG、ZHAOMINGSHEBEISHIXIUYUSHIYONGBUDANGDENG。 

d.生产场所形成爆炸性气体混合物或粉尘爆炸性混合物,又有火源即发生爆炸,这是比较常见的爆炸发生的原因。 

彩经网⑵FANGHUOFANGBAODEJIBENYUANLIYUSILU YINFAHUOZAIDETIAOJIANSHI:KERANWU、YANGHUAJIHEDIANHUOYUANTONGSHICUNZAI,XIANGHUZUOYONG。YINFABAOZHADETIAOJIANSHI:BAOZHAPINHUOZHESHIKERANWUYUKONGQIDEHUNHEWUYUYINBAONENGYUANTONGSHICUNZAI,XIANGHUZUOYONG。RUGUOCAIQUCUOSHIBIMIANHUOZHEXIAOCHUSHANGSHUTIAOJIAN,JIUKEYIFANGZHIHUOZAIHUOBAOZHASHIGUDEFASHENG,ZHEIJIUSHIFANGHUOFANGBAODEJIBENYUANLI。 

彩经网ZAIZHIDINGFANGHUOFANGBAOCUOSHISHI,KEYICONGYIXIASIGEFANGMIANLAIKAOLV: 

彩经网a.YUFANGXINGCUOSHI。ZHEISHIZUILIXIANG、ZUIZHONGYAODECUOSHI,QIJIBENDIANSHISHIKERANWU、YANGHUAJIYUDIANHUOYUANMEIYOUJIEHEDEJIHUI,CONGGENBENSHANGDUJUEZHEHUODEKENENGXING。 

彩经网b.XIANZHIXINGCUOSHI。ZHEISHIZHIZAIYIDANFASHENGHUOZAIBAOZHASHIGUSHI,NENGGOUQIDAOXIANZHIQIMANYAN、KUODAZUOYONGDECUOSHI。RUZAISHEBEISHANGHUOZHEZAISHENGCHANXITONGZHONGANZHUANGZUHUO、XIEYAZHUANGZHI,ZAIJIANZHUWUZHONGSHEZHIFANGHUOQIANGDENG,CAIQUXIANZHIXINGCUOSHINENGGOUYOUXIAODIJIANSHAOSHIGUSUNSHI。 

彩经网c.XIAOFANGCUOSHI。ANZHAOFAGUIHUOGUIFANDEYAOQIU,CAIQUXIAOFANGCUOSHI。YIDANHUOZAICHUQI,JIUNENGGOUJIANGQIPUMIE,BIMIANFAZHANCHENGDADEHUOZAI。 

彩经网d.SHUSANXINGCUOSHI。YUXIANSHEZHIANQUANCHUKOUJIANQUANTONGDAO,YIDANFASHENGHUOZAIBAOZHASHIGUSHI,NENGGOUXUNSUJIANGRENYUANHUOZHEZHONGYAOWUZICHELIWEIXIANQUYU,YIJIANSHAOSUNSHI。 

彩经网⑶ HUAGONGSHEJIZHONGYINGKAOLVDEFANGHUOFANGBAOCUOSHI 

彩经网a.GONGYISHEJI。ZAIGONGYISHEJIZHONGXUYAOKAOLVFANGHUOFANGBAODEFANGMIANHENDUODE,ZAIXUANZEGONGYICAOZUOTIAOJIANSHI,DUIYANGHUAFANYING,ZAIYUANLIAOPEIBISHANGYAOBIMIANKERANQITIHUOKERANYETIZHENGQIYUKONGQIHUNHEWULUORUBAOZHAJIXIANFANWEINEI;XUYAOSHIYONGRONGJISHI,ZAIGONGYIYUNXUDEQIANTIXIA,SHEJISHANGYINGJINLIANGXUANYONGHUOZAIWEIXIANXINGXIAODERONGJI;SHIYONGDEREYUANJINLIANGBUYONGMINGHUO,ERYONGZHENGQIHUORONGYANJIARE;ZAIYIRAN、YIBAOCHEJIANSHEZHIDANQIZHUGUAN,YONGDANQIZUOWEISHIGUFASHENGSHIDEANQUANYONGQI,BINGSHEYOUBEIYONGDEDANQICHUISAOGUANXIAN。 

彩经网b.JIANZHUSHEJI。JIANZHUSHEJIBIXUZUNSHOUGUOJIAZHIDINGDE“JIANZHUSHEJIFANGHUOGUIFAN”。 JIANZHUSHEJIFANGHUOFANGBAOKECONGLIANGFANGMIANJIEJUE。YIFANGMIANSHIHELIDEBUJUCHANGFANGDEPINGMIANHEKONGJIAN,XIAOCHUBAOZHAKENENGCHANSHENGDEYINSU,SUOXIAOBAOZHADEFANWEI,BAOZHENGRENYUANDEANQUANSHUSAN。ZAIZHEIYIFANGMIAN,“JIANZHUSHEJIFANGHUOGUIFAN”YOUXUDUOJUTIGUIDING,SHEJIRENYUANBIXUYANGEZUNSHOU。LINGYIFANGMIANSHIYAOCONGJIANZHUJIEGOUHEJIANZHUCAILIAOSHANGBAOZHENGJIANZHUWUDEANQUAN,JIANQINGJIANZHUWUZAIBAOZHASHISUOSHOUDESUNHAI。 

c.GENJUSUOSHEJIDEZHUANGZHIDEBAOZHAWEIXIANXINGXUANYONGXIANGYINGDENGJIDEDIANQISHEBEI、ZHAOMINGDENGJUHEYIBIAO。SUOYOUNENGCHANSHENGHUOHUADEDIANQIKAIGUANDENGJUNYINGYUFANGBAOCHEJIANGELI。 

彩经网YAOFANGZHIJINGDIANFANGDIANXIANXIANGDEFASHENG,ZAIHUAGONGCHEJIANZHONG,CHUANDONGDAIDECHUANDONG,LIUTIZAIGUANLUZHONGDELIUDONGJUNNENGCHANSHENGJINGDIAN,YINCIZAIJINSHUSHEBEIJIGUANDAOSHANGJUNYINGSHEZHIKEKAODEJIEDI。FANGBAOCHEJIANYINGZHUANGSHEBILEIZHEN。 

彩经网d.CONGTONGFENGSHANGYAOBAOZHENGYIBAOYIRANQITIHEFENCHENXUNSUPAICHU,BAOZHENGZAIBAOZHAJIXIANYIWAIDENONGDUXIACAOZUO;SHEBEIBUZHISHANGYAOBIMIANZAICHEJIANZHONGXINGCHENGSIJIAOYIFANGBAOZHAXINGQITIHEFENCHENDEJILEI;CHANSHENGBAOZHAXINGWUZHIDESHEBEIYINGYOULIANGHAODEMIBIXING,SHIBAOZHAXINGWUZHIBUZHISANFAHUOLIUSHIDAOCHEJIANQU。 

⑷ FANGHUOFANGBAOANQUANZHUANGZHI 

WEILEZUZHIHUOZAI、BAOZHADEMANYANHEKUOZHAN,JIANSHAOQIPOHUAIZUOYONG,ZUHUOSHEBEI、FANGBAOXIEYASHESHI、ANQUANLIANSUOZHUANGZHIDENGFANGHUOFANGBAOANQUANZHUANGZHISHIGONGYISHEBEIBUKEQUESHAODEBUJIANHUOYUANJIAN。XUANYONGDEDANGSHI,FANGHUOFANGBAOZUOYONGSHIFENXIANZHU。 

彩经网①ZUHUOZHUANGZHI a.ZUHUOQI。ZUHUOQISHILIYONGGUANZIZHIJINGHUOLIUTONGKONGXIJIANXIAODAOYIDINGCHENGDU,HUOYANJIUBUNENGMANYANDEYUANLIZHICHENGDE。ZUHUOQICHANGYONGZAIRONGYIYINQIHUOZAIBAOZHADEGAORESHEBEIHESHUSONGKERAN、YIRANYETI、ZHENGQIDEGUANXIANZHIJIAN,YIJIKERANQITI、YIRANYETIDERONGQIJIGUANDAO、SHEBEIDEPAIQIGUANSHANG。 

b.ANQUANYEFENG。ANQUANYEFENGSHIYIZHONGSHISHIZUHUOZHUANGZHI,QIYUANLISHISHIJUYOUYIDINGGAODU、YOUBURANYETIZUCHENGDEYEZHUWENDINGCUNZAIYUJIN、CHUKOUZHIJIAN。ZAIYEFENGLIANGCEDERENYICEZHEHUO,HUOYANJIANGZAIYEFENGCHUXIMIE,CONGERZUZHIHUOSHIMANYAN。ANQUANYEFENGYOUKAICHANGSHIHEFENGBISHILIANGZHONG。 

彩经网c.SHUIFENGJING。QIZUHUOYUANLIYUANQUANYEFENGXIANGSI,SHIANQUANYEFENGDEYIZHONG。SHUIFENGJINGTONGCHANGSHEZAIYOUKERANQITI、YIRANYETIZHENGQIHUOYOUWUDEWUSHUIGUANWANGSHANG,YONGYIFANGZHIRANSHAOHUOBAOZHAYANWUSHUIGUANWANGMANYANKUOZHAN。 

d.ZUHUOZHAMEN。ZUHUOZHAMENSHIWEIFANGZHIHUOYANYANTONGFENGGUANDAOMANYANERSHEZHIDEZUHUOZHUANGZHI。YOUDIELUOSHIZIDONGZUHUOFAMENHESHOUDONGSHIDUOZHONG。DIELUOSHIZIDONGZUHUOZHAMENSHIYIRONGYUANJIANRONGDUANHOU,ZHABANYOUYUZISHENZHONGLIZIDONGDIELUOERJIANGGUANDAOFENGBI。SHOUDONGZUHUOZHAMENDUOANZHUANGZAICAOZUOGANGWEIFUJIN,YIBIANYUKONGZHI。 

e.HUOXINGMIEHUOQI。HUOXINGMIEHUOQIYOUCHENGFANGHUOMAO,QIYUANLISHIYINRONGJIHUOXINGCHENGGAIBIAN,SHIHUOXINGDELIUSUXIAJIANGHUOXINGCHENGYANZHANGERZIXINGLENGQUEXIMIE,ZHISHIHUOXINGKELICHENJIANGERXIAOCHUHUOZAIWEIXIAN。TONGCHANGANZHUANGZAINENGCHANSHENGHUOXINGDESHEBEIDEPAIKONGXITONGSHANG,RUQICHEDENGJIDONGCHELIANGFADONGJIDEPAIQIKOUCHU。 

f.DANXIANGFA。DANXIANGFAYOUCHENGZHINIFA、ZHIHUIFA,QIZUOYONGSHISHILIUTIDANXIANGTONGGUO,YUYOUHUILIUJIZIXINGGUANBI。CHANGYONGYUFANGZHIGAOYAWULIAOCHONGRUDIYAXITONG,RUYEHUASHIYOUQIPINGDEDIAOYAFAJIUSHIDANXIANGFADEYIZHONG。 

②.XIEYAZHUANGZHI a.ANQUANFA。ANQUANFAYONGYUFANGZHISHEBEIHUORONGQINEIYALIGUOGAOYINQIBAOZHA。DANGXITONGNEIYALIGAOCHUSHEBEIYALIKAIQIXIEYA,ZAIYALIJIANGDAOZHENGCHANGGONGZUOZHIHOUNENGZIDONGFUWEI。ANQUANFATONGCHANGANZHUANGZAIBUZHENGCHANGTIAOJIANKENENGCHAOYASHENZHIPOLIEDESHEBEIHUOJIXIESHANG。CHANGYONGANQUANFAYOUZHONGLISHI、GANGGANSHIHEDANHUANGSHISANZHONGLEIXING。 

彩经网b.FANGBAOPIAN。FANGBAOPIANYOUCHENGBAOPOPIAN、FANGBAOMO、XIEYAMO,SHIZAIYALITURANSHENGGAOSHINENGZIDONGPOLIEXIEYADEYICIXINGANQUANZHUANGZHI,YOUJUYOUYIDINGHOUDUHEMIANJIDEPIANZHUANGCUIXINGCAILIAOZHICHENG。TONGCHANGANZHUANGZAIHANYOUKERANQITI、ZHENGQIHUOFENCHENDENGWULIAODEMIBIYALIRONGQIHUOGUANDAOSHANG,DANGSHEBEIHUOGUANDAONEIYALITURANSHANGSHENGCHAOGUOSHEJIZHISHI,FANGBAOPIANZUOWEIBORUOHUANJIESHOUXIANZIDONGBAOPOXIEYA,CONGERBAOZHENGSHEBEIZHUTIANQUAN。 

c.泄爆门(窗)。泄爆门又称防爆门泄爆窗,泄爆门通常安装在燃油、燃气和燃煤粉的加热炉燃烧室外壁上,是爆炸时能够掀开泄压、保护设备完整的防爆安全装置。为了防止燃烧气体喷出伤人或掀开的盖子伤人,泄爆门(窗)应设置在人们不常到的地方,高度不应低于2m,并应定期检修。 

d.FANGKONG(FA)GUAN。FANGKONGGUANSHIYIZHONGGUANSHIPAIFANGXIEYAANQUANZHUANGZHI,YOUCHENGPAIQIGUAN。YIZHONGSHIPAIFANGZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANDEFEIQI,LINGYIZHONGSHIFASHENGSHIGUSHI,JIANGSHOUYASHEBEINEIQITIJINJIFANGKONGDEZHUANGZHI。FANGKONGGUANYIBANYINGANSHEZAISHEBEIHUORONGQIDEDINGBU,SHINEISHEBEIANSHEDEFANGKONGGUANYINGYINCHUSHIWAI,QIGUANKOUYAOGAOYUFUJINYOURENCAOZUODEZUIGAOSHEBEI2mYISHANG。DUIJINGCHANGPAIFANGYOURANSHAOBAOZHAWEIXIANDEQITAIWUZHIDEFANGKONGFA,GUANKOUFUJINHAIYINGSHEZHIZUHUOQI。 

彩经网3.FANGDUYUHUANJINGBAOHU 

⑴.HUAXUEGONGYEZHONGCHANGJIANDEYIXIEHUANJINGWURANWUYOU:GONG、QING、FEN、SHEN、FANGTINGJIQIYANSHENGWU、BAOHETINGHEBUBAOHETINGJIQIYANSHENGWU、CHUN、ERYANGHUALIU、SUAN、JIANDENG。TAMENDOUSHIWURANHUANJING,SUNHAIRENTIJIANKANG。 

⑵SHEJIGONGZUOZHONGFANGDUYUHUANJINGBAOHUFANGMIANDEKAOLV  SHOUXIAN,GONGYISHEJIZHONGYINGJINLIANGXUANYONGWUDUHUODIDUDEYUANLIAOLUXIAN,DUITONGYICHANPIN,RUGUOCUNZAILIANGTIAOHUOLIANGTIAOYISHANGYUANLIAOLUXIANDEHUA,ZAIJINGJISHANGHELI,GONGYISHANGKEXINGDEQIANTIXIA,YINGJINLIANGCAIYONGWUDUHUODIDUDEYUANLIAOLUXIAN。XUANYONGCUIHUAJISHI,ZAICUIHUAJIHUOXINGCHABIEBUDADEQIANTIXIA,YINGJINLIANGCAIYONGWUDUHUODIDUCUIHUAJI。CAIYONGBIHUANGONGYIGUOCHENGYESHIYIZHONGBANFA,YOUXIEYUANLIAOHUOZHONGJIANCHANWUSHIYOUDUDE,DANTAMENDEMOUXIEZHICHENGPINQUESHIWUDUDE,SHEJISHANGRUCAIYONGBIHUANGONGYI,YOUDUDEYUANLIAOHEZHONGJIANCHANWUZAIXITONGNEIXUNHUAN,ZHIYOUWUDUZHICHENGPINCHUSHENGCHANXITONG,ZEKEDADAJIANSHAOWURAN。GONGYISHANGHAIYINGKAOLVZONGHELIYONG,BASHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGSHENGCHANDEFUCHANWUJIAYIHUISHOU,BUJINKEYIZENGJIAJINGJIXIAOYI,HAIKEJIANSHAOWURAN。 

⑶.

①.YANCHENZHILIJISHU:a.ZHONGLICHUCHEN b.GUANXINGCHUCHEN c.LIXINCHUCHEN 

彩经网②.YOUHAIQITIDEZHILIJISHU:a.XISHOUFA b.XIFUFA c.RANSHAOFA d.CUIHUAZHUANHUAFA e.LENGNINGFA

彩经网③.SHUITIWURANZHILIJISHU 

    WULICHULIFA:a.SHAILVFA b.ZHONGLIFA c.LIXINFA 

    HUAXUECHULIFA:a.ZHONGHEFA b.HUNNINGCHENDIANFA c.XIFUFA d.LIZIJIAOHUANFA     SHENGWUHUAXUECHULIFA:a.HAOYANGSHENGWUCHULIFA b.YANYANGSHENGWUCHULIFA     MOCHULIFANGFA:MOCHULIFASHILIYONGMODEKONGJINGJIMOCAILIAODETEXINGXUANZEXINGJIELIUSHUIDEKELIWUDEYIZHONGHENYOUQIANTUSHUICHULIFANGFA。BIRULIYONGCHAOLVMO、FANSHENTOUMO、CHAOLVMOJINXINGRANLIAOTUOYAN,HAISHUIDANHUAJIWUSHUICHULI。

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